Industry would like consumers to believe that the benefits of formal (regulated) mining far out way the environmental impact. However, the truth is that mining is catastrophic to the local environment and its aboriginal people.
It is now the 21st century, and there is no need to harbor these old ideas and old traditions of mining. Science has advanced so much that we can make diamond (crystallized carbon) in a modern day lab environment and we can recycle gold as easily as we can recycle an aluminum can. The Greener Diamond believes that purchasing a modern diamond alternative while giving back to diamond mining communities without digging enormous holes in the earth is a far better solution.
Did you know?
- 1750 tons of earth has to be extracted to find a 1.0ct rough diamond.
- So called "conflict-free" Canada diamond mines are often built in environmentally fragile ecosystems, have significant ecological footprints, and will significantly impact upon the caribou, wolverine, bears, ptarmigan and fish which provide food for Aboriginal peoples.
- 20 tons of mined waste is produced to make one Gold ring to hold that diamond. The earth mined ore is mixed with Cyanide, a known toxic poison, to dissolve the Gold or Silver from the ore, making the land and waterways around the mining area poisoned.
- The largest Australian diamond mine is as big as Japan.
- Some environment extremist think that if the open pit mines get any deeper we could tap into molten and knock the earth off its axis.
- The largest diamond mine in eastern Siberia (Mirny, to be exact) Russia is so deep that the surrounding "air zone... is closed for helicopters" after "a few accidents when they were 'sucked in' by downward airflow...". In essence it has created its own atmosphere.
Below is an example of the Environmental Impacts of the so called "Conflict Free" Canadian - Victor Mine. This is a diamond mine with some regulations...imagine what is happening in diamond mines with ZERO environmental regulations.
"The federal, provincial and territorial regulatory frameworks in Canada are inadequate to protect the environment from long term and cumulative environmental effects."
- 100,000 m3 of salty water will be pumped out of the pit each day into the Attawapiskat River. This is equivalent to 40 Olympic-sized swimming pools per day or 14,600 per year.
- The flow of the Nayshkatooyaow River will be decreased by at least 15%.
- A 2.6 kilometer stretch of South Granny Creek will be “moved”.
- 1.2 million m3 of muskeg, including trees and other plants, will be removed.
- River crossings may lead to siltation of rivers and creeks and impact water quality.
- Fish populations such as lake sturgeon, brook trout, walleye and whitefish may be harmed by the changes in water flow and water quality.
- Methyl mercury may be released by the dewatering of the muskeg.
- 2.5 million tons of rock would be processed (piled, crushed and dumped) each year.
- 28.7 million tons of rock would have been dug from the ground over the life of the mine and dumped in the surrounding area.
- The waste rock may leach chemicals, such as acids, into the surrounding water.
- The mine would sit on top of a nationally significant geological feature called a karst, which has been described as the “best developed and most extensive karst topography in Ontario.”
- The area of the proposed mine and its associated infrastructure provides critical habitat for woodland caribou, a threatened species. Woodland caribou are extremely sensitive to industrial activity and usually disappear from areas where it occurs. After the mine closes and the site is re-vegetated, studies say that “excellent habitat for moose” (shrubs and young forest) will be created, which also means that the habitat that previously supported caribou (older forest and bogs) will be diminished. This may result in the local extinction of caribou. See Uncertain Future – Woodland Caribou and Canada’s Boreal Forest: A report on government action.
- The water table would be affected for up to 260,000 hectares surrounding the mine. This would dry out muskeg, change the vegetation of the area and reduce the abundance of lichens, a key food for caribou.
- The noise of the explosives used to construct the mine and from pit operations combined with trucks bringing supplies and materials to and from the mine site (60 trucks per day) would negatively impact wildlife behavior.
- Easier motorized access (better and more roads) to and in the region will increase hunting pressure on game species.
- Habitat for migratory birds will also be affected.